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Aztec and Maya Calendar

Did you know?

The Aztecs did not use a leap year correction but they knew the length of a solar year is neither 365 nor 365.25 days. Presumably they kept some count of days to register astronomical events but no evidence of an Aztec Long Count exists.

Month: Day: Year:   

In the tonalpohualli, the sacred Aztec calendar, this day (Sunday, October 21, 2012) is:


Tonalli:

day

Trecena:

13-day period

Xihuitl:

solar year
Quiahuitl (rain)Malinalli (grass)Tecpatl (flint knife)
8 - Quiahuitl (rain)1 - Malinalli (grass)13 - Tecpatl (flint knife)
 

Yoaltecuhtli:

Lord of the Night

Xiuhpohualli:

365-day calendar

Long Count:

(Mayan calendar)
Tlaloc1 - Nenmontemi (-)12.19.19.14.19

(Correlation: Alfonso Caso - Nicholson's veintena alignment [adjust] )

The significance of this day

Day Quiahuitl (Rain) is governed by Tonatiuh, the Sun God, as its provider of tonalli (Shadow Soul) life energy. Quiahuitl is a day of relying on the unpredictable fortunes of fate. It is a good day for traveling and learning, a bad day for business and planning.

This is the first of the nemontemi (five unlucky days) at the end of a xihuitl.

The thirteen day period (trecena) that starts with day 1-Malinalli (Grass) is ruled by Mayahuel, Goddess of the Maguey and Pulque. These are 13 days of intoxication, infatuation, excitement and passion: it is a time of excesses, when moderation is impossible, and so is often a time of disastrous consequences. This trecena signifies those times when we are incapable of protecting ourselves from high emotions. It is a time when affairs of war and affairs of the heart are born without thinking. These days are clouded in confusion: only the most self-disciplined warrior can suffer an excess of success without incuring sudden loss. These are good days to bind the community together; bad days to sow discord and discontent.



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