Aztec and Maya Calendar
In the tonalpohualli, the sacred Aztec calendar, Thursday February 4, 1507 is:
(1 -) Cipactli (crocodile)
1 - Tochtli (rabbit)
Lord of the Night
13 - Izcalli (XVIII)
(Correlation: Alfonso Caso - Nicholson's veintena alignment [adjust])
The significance of this day
1-Cipactli is the first day of new tonalpohualli, or 260-day religious calendar. It is an excellent day for beginnings or celebrations like a singing feast (cuicuicaliztli).
Day Cipactli (Crocodile) is governed by Tonacatecuhtli, Lord of Nurturance, as its provider of tonalli (Shadow Soul) life energy. Cipactli is an auspicious day, signifying advancement and honor. It depicts energy and work, rewards and recognition. A good day for beginnings.
The thirteen day period (trecena) that starts with day 1-Cipactli (Crocodile) is ruled by Tonacatecuhtli, Lord of Nurturance, the primordial god of creation and fertility. Cipactli is god of the land, the great earth monster, floating on the sea of stars. This is the first trecena of the sacred year. The 13 days of this trecena are governed by the primordial urge to create order out of chaos. The three means by which the Old Ones established order are still our most important treasures: speech, agriculture, and the family. The lineage of thought runs from seed to fruit to seed: these are good days to participate in the community; bad days for solitude.
The conqueror Hernán Cortés arrived on the eastern shores of the Aztec empire in the year 1-Acatl (1519). It had been predicted that on such a year Quetzalcoatl would return from the east to retake his rightful share of the throne. This belief probably weakend the defense of the Aztecs.