Aztec and Maya Calendar
In the tonalpohualli, the sacred Aztec calendar, Monday January 23, 2017 is:
(1 -) Malinalli (grass)
5 - Calli (house)
Lord of the Night
11 - Toxcatl (V)
(Correlation: Alfonso Caso - Nicholson's veintena alignment [adjust])
The significance of this day
Day Ocelotl (Jaguar) is governed by Tlazolteotl as its provider of tonalli (Shadow Soul) life energy. Ocelotl is a good day for doing battle. It signifies power, valor, and reckless abandon in the face of danger. This is a day of the Warriors of Tezcatlipoca, those who willingly sacrifice their lives to keep the flame of the Old Ones burning forever.
The thirteen day period (trecena) that starts with day 1-Malinalli (Grass) is ruled by Mayahuel, Goddess of the Maguey and Pulque. These are 13 days of intoxication, infatuation, excitement and passion: it is a time of excesses, when moderation is impossible, and so is often a time of disastrous consequences. This trecena signifies those times when we are incapable of protecting ourselves from high emotions. It is a time when affairs of war and affairs of the heart are born without thinking. These days are clouded in confusion: only the most self-disciplined warrior can suffer an excess of success without incuring sudden loss. These are good days to bind the community together; bad days to sow discord and discontent.
The Aztecs did not use a leap year correction but they knew the length of a solar year is neither 365 nor 365.25 days. Presumably they kept some count of days to register astronomical events but no evidence of an Aztec Long Count exists.