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Aztec and Maya Calendar

Did you know?

The conqueror Hernán Cortés arrived on the eastern shores of the Aztec empire in the year 1-Acatl (1519). It had been predicted that on such a year Quetzalcoatl would return from the east to retake his rightful share of the throne. This belief probably weakend the defense of the Aztecs.

Month: Day: Year:   

In the tonalpohualli, the sacred Aztec calendar, this day (Wednesday, October 22, 2014) is:


Tonalli:

day

Trecena:

13-day period

Xihuitl:

solar year
Itzcuintli (dog)Xochitl (flower)Tochtli (rabbit)
11 - Itzcuintli (dog)1 - Xochitl (flower)2 - Tochtli (rabbit)
 

Yoaltecuhtli:

Lord of the Night

Xiuhpohualli:

365-day calendar

Long Count:

(Mayan calendar)
Mictlantecuhtli2 - Nenmontemi (-)13.0.1.15.10

(Correlation: Alfonso Caso - Nicholson's veintena alignment [adjust] )

The significance of this day

Day Itzcuintli (Dog) is governed by Mictlantecuhtli, God of Death, as its provider of tonalli (Shadow Soul) life energy. Itzcuintli is the guide for the dead, the spirit world's link with the living. Itzcuintli is a good day for funerals and wakes and remembering the dead. It is a good day for being trustworthy, a bad day for trusting others of questionable intent.

This is the second of the nemontemi (five unlucky days) at the end of a xihuitl. These days are extra dangerous because they are at the end of a calendar round of 52 years (xiuhmolpilli or bundle). All fires are to be extinguished. No public events are organized. A New Fire ceremony will be held in the night after the fifth day to make sure the sun will rise again in a new xihuitl.

The thirteen day period (trecena) that starts with day 1-Xochitl (Flower) is ruled by Huehuecoyotl, Old Coyote, the Trickster, god of deception. This trecena signifies the sacred role of the jester: revealing the truth of the old ways by treating them as irreverantly as the gods do, the jester treats nothing as sacred and so points out the sacredness of everything. These are 13 days profoundly influenced by creativity and playfulness: music, dance, art and poetry are simply masks worn by the jester to tear away the away the masks of civilization. The trickster-jester-clown is the final mask of human beings: at one with the divine absurdity of the world, the mortal creator moves toward becoming an immortal force of nature. These are good days to make things; bad days to fear what others might think.



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